第86期(97年9月)│公務人力發展中心發行 │發行人:劉慈

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一面談管理一面學英文(10)....尤克強

前言:考慮到我的讀者可能多數維持用中文思考的習慣,所以我刻意以中文為主,英文放在括弧內,如果把英文的部分取出合併,也是完整優美的英文句子。讀者不妨練習一下每行先讀中文再唸英文,或有助於您提升用英文表達中文思考的能力──因為我在英文部分的「停頓」(用分行表示),是考量「意群」(sense group)和「音群」(sound group)的交互影響而決定的,所以也符合口語的習慣,容易琅琅上口。

進度:【生為贏家】(Born to Win)
在網路上發現一篇流傳很廣的文章<生為贏家>(Born to Win),原來是Addison Wesley Publishing Company所出版的一本老書《生為贏家:交易分析與格斯塔實驗》(Born to Win: Transactional Analysis With Gestalt Experiments)中第1章的摘錄,作者為Muriel James & Dorothy Jongeward。由於這篇文章近年來流傳極廣歷久彌新,對讀者有很好的激勵效果,我將它翻譯出來與各位公務人員共勉。

生為贏家Born to Win

每一個人(Each human being)
生下時都是一件全新的事物──(is born as something new,)
一件前所未有的事物。(something that never existed before.)
每個人生下時(Each is born)
都具備了「生而能贏」的稟賦,(with the capacity to win at life.)
人人有其獨特的方式(Each person has a unique way)
去觀看、聆聽、觸摸、(of seeing, hearing, touching,)
品味及思考。(tasting, and thinking.)
每個人都有其獨一無二的潛力──(Each has his or her own unique potentials—)
包含才能和侷限(capabilities and limitations.)
每個人都能成為重要的、(Each can be an important,)
有思考能力的、意識清醒(thinking, aware,)
並富於想像力的人──(and creative being —)
一個有用的人、(a productive person,)
一個贏家。(a winner.)

這些詞彙「贏家」和「輸家」(The words “winner” and “loser”)
有很多涵義。(have many meanings.)
當我們指某人是贏家的時候,(When we refer to a person as a winner,)
我們並非意謂那個人(we do not mean one)
讓別人輸了。(who makes someone else lose.)
對我們而言, (To us,)
贏家就是能真正負責的人:(a winner is one who responds authentically)
由於值得信賴、(by being credible,)
可靠、敏感、誠懇──(trustworthy, responsive and genuine,)
不論是作為個人,(both as an individual)
或是社會的一份子。(and as a member of society.)

贏家並不冥頑(Winners do not dedicate their lives)
於抽象的概念,(to a concept)
化身在自己的幻想裡。(of what they imagine they should be;)
反過來,他們忠於自我,(rather, they are themselves)
因而不會花費他們的精力(and as such do not use their energy)
去裝模作樣、(putting on a performance,)
虛情假意、(maintaining pretence)
地操縱別人。(and manipulating others.)
他們明瞭(They are aware)
其中有所差別:(that there is a difference)
在真愛與裝愛之間、(between being loving and acting loving,)
在真傻與裝傻之間、(between being stupid and acting stupid,)
在真懂與裝懂之間。(between being knowledgeable and acting knowledgeable.)
贏家不需要(Winners do not need)
躲在面具後面。(to hide behind a mask.)

贏家不害怕(Winners are not afraid)
獨立思考,(to do his own thinking)
和運用自己的知識。(and to use his own knowledge.)
他們能區分事實與意見,(They can separate facts from opinion)
也不會假裝(and does not pretend)
知道所有的答案。(to have all the answers.)
他們傾聽別人說話,(They listens to others,)
權衡他人所說,(evaluates what they say,)
但得出自己的結論。(but comes to his own conclusions.)
雖然贏家也能欽佩(Although winners can admire)
並尊敬別人,(and respect other people,)
但他們不會毫無保留地被限制、(they are not totally defined,)
抹煞、束縛、或嚇倒。(demolished, bound, or awed by them.)

贏家不坐待援手,(Winners do not play “helpless”,)
也不爭功諉過,(nor do they play the blaming game.)
相反地,他們承擔(Instead, they assume)
自己生命的責任。(responsibility for their own lives.)
他們不任由別人(They don't give others)
用名不符實的權威凌駕自己。(a false authority over them.)
贏家是自己的主宰──(Winners are their own bosses)
他們一清二楚。(and know it.)

贏家善於選擇時機,(A winner's timing is right.)
贏家能隨機應變。(Winners respond appropriately to the situation.)
他們的反應是依據(Their responses are related)
收到的訊息,(to the message sent)
並維護攸關之地位、(and preserve the significance,)
價值、福利和尊嚴──(worth, well-being, and dignity)
屬於各相關人員的。(of the people involved.)
贏家知道:(Winners know)
每一件事情都有適合的時勢,(that for everything there is a season)
每一個行動都有恰當的時機。(and for every activity a time.)

雖然贏家(Although winners)
能隨意享受人生,(can freely enjoy themselves,)
他們也能推遲享樂──(they can also postpone enjoyment,)
能在當下自律,(can discipline themselves in the present)
以提昇未來的樂趣。(to enhance their enjoyment in the future.)
贏家不憚於(Winners are not afraid)
追求他們想要的東西,(to go after what he wants,)
但他們取之有道。(but they do so in proper ways.)
贏家不會為了謀取自己的安全感(Winners do not get their security)
而去控制別人──(by controlling others.)
他們先使自己立於不敗。(They do not set themselves up to lose.)

贏家關注(A winner cares)
世界和人類,(about the world and its peoples.)
贏家不孤立自己(A winner is not isolated)
於一般的社會問題之外,(from the general problems of society,)
而是關切、同情、(but is concerned, compassionate,)
並極力(and committed)
改善生活品質。(to improving the quality of life.)
即使面對全國(Even in the face of national)
和全球性的災難,(and international adversity,)
贏家也自我期許(a winner's self-image)
絕不束手無策。(is not one of a powerless individual.)
贏家致力(A winner works)
讓這個世界更美好。(to make the world a better place.)

 

(本文作者尤克強教授現為交通大學策略辦公室執行長)

 
 
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